摘评外媒如何解读中国阅兵:角度多样 情绪复杂

2018-02-06 16:19 作者:采集侠 来源 : 网络整理

[摘要]中国将于9月3日在北京举行纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年大会。这次阅兵意义非凡,外媒自然也很关注。从报道中,可以看出他们对中国这一次规模盛大的阅兵的解读和异样情绪。

中国将于9月3日在北京举行纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年大会。这是继2009年纪念建国60周年之后的首次举行阅兵仪式,也是每一次在非国庆的时间举行的阅兵仪式,意义非凡。外媒自然也很关注。在8月23日,阅兵进行了彩排,外媒也纷纷进行了报道。从外媒的报道中,可以看出他们对于中国这一次规模盛大的阅兵的解读,同时也能感觉到他们的一些异样情绪。

整体看来,外媒普遍认为此次阅兵目的包括:第一,展示中国的强大军力,加强对东海和南海领土主权的声索;第二,提醒全世界日本曾经犯下的罪行,将日本推向尴尬处境;第三,主要针对国内民众,试图借阅兵增强民族凝聚力和认同感。此外,还有媒体关注演练期间政府管制措施被批扰民引不满。

美联社8月23日发表了题为China rehearses for military parade with fighter jets, troops from Russia, Cuba (来自俄罗斯等国的战斗机和军队参加了中国阅兵彩排)的报道。这篇报道显示出了美联社对中国阅兵活动的一种复杂,甚至矛盾的角度。一方面,他们承认中国阅兵的合法性和正义性,但在另一方面却自以为看到了阅兵是在展示肌肉(muscle),向邻国以及在领土争端方面显示强硬立场。这种联想力确实是吸引了民众的眼球,但合理性和目的却令人质疑。

文章在体现上述的复杂和矛盾心态方面,以下的报道内容就可见一斑::

The Sept. 3 parade will showcase the People's Liberation Army's rapidly growing capabilities at a time when Beijing is asserting territorial claims in the South China Sea and East China Sea.

在中国对东海及南海领土宣称主权之际,9月3日的阅兵将展示中国人民解放军力量的快速增长。

China says the parade is about marking the 70th anniversary of Japan's World War II surrender and demonstrating its commitment to peace. But it comes as other governments are expressing unease at Beijing's confrontational stance toward territorial disputes. That has made taking part in the event politically charged.

中国称此次阅兵目的在于纪念抗战胜利70周年,并展现维护世界和平的坚定立场。但与此同时,其他国家政府表达了对北京在领土争端中强硬姿态的担忧。这也使得外国军队参加此次阅兵在政治上的气氛很紧张。

美联社还援引了新华社的报道,指出了这次阅兵的庞大规模以及展示的武器装备类型。

More than 10,000 Chinese military personnel with more than 500 vehicles and some 200 aircraft took part in the rehearsal, the official Xinhua News Agency reported.The Chinese military plans to show seven types of long-, intermediate- and short-range missiles at the parade, Xinhua said. It cited a military official as saying 84 percent of armaments to be displayed have not been shown in public previously.

英国的《卫报》在阅兵彩排前的8月21日发表题为'Old-school tub-thumping': 12,000 Chinese troops prepare for WW2 parade(12000名中国军人为抗战大阅兵做准备)的报道文章。文章认为,本次阅兵的目标并非是邻国或针对领土争端,而是国内民众,以增强他们民族认同感(Chinese national identity)。

《卫报》的这篇文章援引了一些专家的论点解读中国阅兵的意图:

1、It is an attempt to pile political pressure on regional rival Japan – with whom Beijing is embroiled in a festering territorial dispute in the East China Sea – by reminding the world of the horrific crimes its troops committed during the war years.

与邻国关系以及领土争端问题,这与美联社的报道具有内在的一致性。

2、It is intended to use the country’s increasingly sophisticated military capabilities to flex China’s muscles on the world stage.

希望展现中国强大军事实力,似乎中国在走传统世界强国的“老路”。

3、Xi’s key target audience is the Chinese public. “It seems to me that the whole thing is really for internal consumption and is really part and parcel of this ramping up of the nationalist rhetoric in the story that Xi and co are pushing,” said Nick Bisley, the executive director of La Trobe Asia. “You are not doing this to impress the Pentagon.”